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today's howtos

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HowTos
  • Squid proxy configuration tutorial on Linux

    Squid is a robust proxy server that supports caching for protocols like HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP. It has the ability to speed up web requests by caching frequently accessed websites, and serving that cache to requesting clients. This is a great way for networks to reduce bandwidth consumption and provide snappier response times for web browsing.

    In this guide, we'll go over the step by step instructions to download, install, and configure Squid proxy on a Linux system. Follow along with us to get it setup on your own system, which can either provide caching just for yourself or all the way up to an entire organization of computers.

  • Build a static website with Eleventy | Opensource.com

    A static site generator is a tool that generates a full, static HTML website based on raw data and a set of templates. It automates the task of coding individual HTML pages and gets those pages ready to serve to users. Because the HTML pages are prebuilt, they load very quickly in users' browsers.

    Static sites work particularly well for documentation, too, because static sites are easy to scale, and they're an easy way to generate, maintain, and deploy your project's documentation. For these reasons, organizations often use them to document application programming interfaces (APIs), database schemas, and other information. Documentation is an important part of software development, design, and other aspects of tech. All codebases require some form of documentation, with options ranging from a simple README to full documentation.

  • Listen to music on FreeDOS

    Music is a great way to relax. On Linux, I listen to music using Rhythmbox. But did you know you can listen to music on FreeDOS, as well? Let's take a look at two popular programs to listen to music:

    Listen to music with Mplayer

    Mplayer is an open source media player that's usually found on Linux, Windows, and Mac—but there's a DOS version available, too. And that's the version we include in FreeDOS. While the DOS port is based on an older version (version 1.0rc2-3-3-2 from 2007) it is perfectly serviceable for playing media on DOS.

  • Learn how to configure Oracle Linux for backup and disaster recovery

    The Oracle Linux documentation team recently published Oracle® Linux: Backing Up Files and Storage Volumes for Disaster Recovery, which describes how to configure your Oracle Linux system to automatically back up and restore files, folders, and storage volumes. This document provides reference material for both Oracle Linux 7 and Oracle Linux 8 and also provides pointers to additional disaster recovery solutions provided through hosting systems on Oracle Cloud Infrastructure.

    Relax and Recover (ReaR) software, available in the yum channels on the Oracle Linux Yum Server, is a disaster recovery tool that you can use in your local data center on Oracle Linux systems. ReaR automatically generates a bootable recovery environment in the form of an ISO image file and also generates external file backups. ReaR can be scheduled to run incremental file backups using the crontab utility and backup data can be stored on networked or attached storage.

  • Learn Kubernetes by Example

    If you’ve worked in enterprise IT at any point in the past six years – either in development or operations – chances are high that you’ve crossed paths with Kubernetes, which has become the de facto standard for deploying, managing and scaling containerized applications—and for good reason. Software architecture is arguably one of the most important assets for the future of your business, and Kubernetes is the foundation for today’s hybrid cloud architectures.

    Safe to say, Kubernetes plays a critical role in delivering value to your customers today and enabling you to adapt tomorrow. Keeping your skills sharp and staying up-to-date on developments around this fast-moving technology are paramount.

    Kubernetes by Example is here to help. Brought to you by Red Hat, Kubernetes By Example is a free online resource that provides a broad range of Kubernetes-focused tutorials, news and community interaction—all designed around a hands-on, "learn by doing" approach that allows learners to practice skills as they are taught.

  • How to Install Terraform v1.0.0 in CentOS 8 / Ubuntu 21.04 - Unixcop

    Terraform is a popular cloud orchestration tool in the world of automation, which is used to deploy your infrastructure through the IAC (Infrastructure as code) approach. Terraform is built by Hashicorp and released under Mozilla Public License.

  • How to create a Virtual Hard disk in ubuntu

    Virtual Hard Disk is a type of disk image file which act as a hard drive capable of storing data similar to a physical drive. Likewise it act as a container similar to a physical drive. Basically it replicates a Hard drive with all the the data and structural features. It works similar to a physical hard disk drive. It contains its own file system. We can use it to store and run operating system. Apart from that , VHD can also be used to store data as well. Here we will learn to create VHD in ubuntu.

    The major use of the VHD is in virtual machines, like virtualbox . In virtual box these virtual hard drives can be used to store operating systems . It also holds the data related to the particular Virtual machines.In this tutorial I will guide you through all the steps required to create VHD in ubuntu. We are creating a virtual hard disk on ubuntu of size 1 GB and EXT4 format file system.

  • How to Create Hard Disk partitions in ubuntu

    Storage devices play a critical role in the working of any system. Different operating systems use various types of file structures to store data. So generally we use GPT or MBL file storage styles for that. With the help of these two we can create partitions in a storage device. Also , We can split large memory sized devices into smaller sub-segments called partitions. Partitioning enables us to split our storage drive into multiple parts. Where each part acts as a seperate single storage drive. Apart from that we can use these partitions to install multiple operating systems in the same machine. Here we will learn to create partition in linux.

    In general, this tutorial I will guide you through all the detailed wise steps. Here I am using the ubuntu server to create partitions. Furthermore ,with the help of this tutorial you will be able to create partitions on many similar linux distributions.

  • How to Install Helm on Linux - Unixcop

    Deploying applications to Kubernetes is a complicated process. Many tools simplify this process, and one of them is Helm.

    Helm is a package manager for Kubernetes that configures and deploys applications and services on a Kubernetes cluster. It uses Helm charts to simplify the development and deployment process.

    In this step-by-step tutorial, you will learn how to install Helm on Linux

  • [ Easy ] Ubuntu Install Inkscape - LateWeb.Info

    Inkscape is a free and open-source vector graphics editor used to create vector images, primarily in Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) format. Other formats can be imported and exported.

    Inkscape can render primitive vector shapes (e.g. rectangles, ellipses, polygons, arcs, spirals, stars and 3D boxes) and text. These objects may be filled with solid colors, patterns, radial or linear color gradients and their borders may be stroked, both with adjustable transparency. Embedding and optional tracing of raster graphics is also supported, enabling the editor to create vector graphics from photos and other raster sources. Created shapes can be further manipulated with transformations, such as moving, rotating, scaling and skewing.

  • How to Wipe Files / Free Space to Protect Against Recovering in Ubuntu | UbuntuHandbook

    This simple tutorial shows beginners how to easily wipe files, folder, and/or free disk space to protect your files from recovering in Ubuntu.

    As you may know, any deleted files can be easily restored from the trash can. Even after you emptied the trash, files can still be recovered. So to prevent information leakage and protect privacy, you have to ‘wipe’ or ‘shred’ files.

  • How to setup Traefik load balancer with Docker in Ubuntu 20.04

    Traefik is a modern reverse proxy and load balancing server that supports layer 4 (TCP) and layer 7 (HTTP) load balancing. Its configuration can be defined in JSON, YML, or in TOML format. It consists of entry point (frontend), service (backend), router (rules), middlewares (optional features).

    This article will demonstrate how to use Traefik load balancer in layer 7 (HTTP) mode.

  • Installing Apache Spark on Ubuntu 20.04 or 18.04 - Linux Shout

    Apache Spark is a general-purpose data processing tool called a data processing engine. Used by data engineers and data scientists to perform extremely fast data queries on large amounts of data in the terabyte range. It is a framework for cluster-based calculations that competes with the classic Hadoop Map / Reduce by using the RAM available in the cluster for faster execution of jobs.

    In addition, Spark also offers the option of controlling the data via SQL, processing it by streaming in (near) real-time, and provides its own graph database and a machine learning library. The framework offers in-memory technologies for this purpose, i.e. it can store queries and data directly in the main memory of the cluster nodes.

  • WP-CLI - Managing WordPress from the Linux Terminal

    If you are a system administrator and responsible for managing hundreds or thousands of WordPress websites then it is a very time-consuming process. You will need to log in to each WordPress control panel, install or update plugins and themes. This is the place where the WP-CLI comes into the picture. The
    WP-CLI is a powerful command-line tool specifically designed to manage WordPress from the command line. You can manage multiple WordPress sites without log into the WordPress admin panel. With WP-CLI, you can perform several operations including, installing and updating plugins, themes, creating content, working with databases, and more.

    In this post, I will show how to install and use WP-CLI to manage WordPress sites.

More in Tux Machines

digiKam 7.7.0 is released

After three months of active maintenance and another bug triage, the digiKam team is proud to present version 7.7.0 of its open source digital photo manager. See below the list of most important features coming with this release. Read more

Dilution and Misuse of the "Linux" Brand

Samsung, Red Hat to Work on Linux Drivers for Future Tech

The metaverse is expected to uproot system design as we know it, and Samsung is one of many hardware vendors re-imagining data center infrastructure in preparation for a parallel 3D world. Samsung is working on new memory technologies that provide faster bandwidth inside hardware for data to travel between CPUs, storage and other computing resources. The company also announced it was partnering with Red Hat to ensure these technologies have Linux compatibility. Read more

today's howtos

  • How to install go1.19beta on Ubuntu 22.04 – NextGenTips

    In this tutorial, we are going to explore how to install go on Ubuntu 22.04 Golang is an open-source programming language that is easy to learn and use. It is built-in concurrency and has a robust standard library. It is reliable, builds fast, and efficient software that scales fast. Its concurrency mechanisms make it easy to write programs that get the most out of multicore and networked machines, while its novel-type systems enable flexible and modular program constructions. Go compiles quickly to machine code and has the convenience of garbage collection and the power of run-time reflection. In this guide, we are going to learn how to install golang 1.19beta on Ubuntu 22.04. Go 1.19beta1 is not yet released. There is so much work in progress with all the documentation.

  • molecule test: failed to connect to bus in systemd container - openQA bites

    Ansible Molecule is a project to help you test your ansible roles. I’m using molecule for automatically testing the ansible roles of geekoops.

  • How To Install MongoDB on AlmaLinux 9 - idroot

    In this tutorial, we will show you how to install MongoDB on AlmaLinux 9. For those of you who didn’t know, MongoDB is a high-performance, highly scalable document-oriented NoSQL database. Unlike in SQL databases where data is stored in rows and columns inside tables, in MongoDB, data is structured in JSON-like format inside records which are referred to as documents. The open-source attribute of MongoDB as a database software makes it an ideal candidate for almost any database-related project. This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the MongoDB NoSQL database on AlmaLinux 9. You can follow the same instructions for CentOS and Rocky Linux.

  • An introduction (and how-to) to Plugin Loader for the Steam Deck. - Invidious
  • Self-host a Ghost Blog With Traefik

    Ghost is a very popular open-source content management system. Started as an alternative to WordPress and it went on to become an alternative to Substack by focusing on membership and newsletter. The creators of Ghost offer managed Pro hosting but it may not fit everyone's budget. Alternatively, you can self-host it on your own cloud servers. On Linux handbook, we already have a guide on deploying Ghost with Docker in a reverse proxy setup. Instead of Ngnix reverse proxy, you can also use another software called Traefik with Docker. It is a popular open-source cloud-native application proxy, API Gateway, Edge-router, and more. I use Traefik to secure my websites using an SSL certificate obtained from Let's Encrypt. Once deployed, Traefik can automatically manage your certificates and their renewals. In this tutorial, I'll share the necessary steps for deploying a Ghost blog with Docker and Traefik.