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BSD: FreeBSD, OpenBGPD, and NetBSD

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  • Legends start at 1.0! – FreeBSD in 1993 (pt. 1)

    In 2017, I wrote a series of articles [1], [2], [3] and [4] on FreeBSD’s famous version 4.11 (and an experiment to use Pkgsrc to get modern software running on it), but I’ve been interested in the history of my operating system of choice for longer than that.

    It’s been half a decade since I visited 4.x, my familiarity with FreeBSD has grown further and I finally dare to embark on the adventure to look at the very beginning. I had originally thought about doing this in a VM. However while dusting off an old laptop of mine to test 13.1-BETA releases on, I thought that I might give ancient FreeBSD a shot on that machine. It is an Acer TravelMate 272XC laptop that I got in 2003 (see dmesg at the bottom if you want to know more). It is not the oldest machine that I still have, but it is the last one with a working floppy drive!

    So I would simply install FreeBSD 1.0, mess with it a little and then write an article about it. Nothing too complicated, should be done in a couple of hours on a weekend! Except it turned out to be… just a little more involved.

  • OpenBGPD 7.4 released

    [...] However, the release notes may be found in this mailing list post from June 14th, 2022:

  • Is FreeBSD a Real UNIX?

    Lets get back to the computing world. Can you officially name FreeBSD a UNIX? No. That is because Open Group company owns copyright to the ‘UNIX’ term. You can call it only a UNIX-like system … but that does not mean its not UNIX. You just can not call it like that because of the lawyers.

    NetBSD team also gave good example with their ‘duck’ explanation – – available here.

    Apple paid $100 000 to call their Mac OS X (now macOS) system a UNIX officially.

  • Advanced Programming in the UNIX Environment

    This document will guide you through the setup of a NetBSD VM using UTM on an Apple M1 to perform all your course work on. Please follow these steps as shown; if you run into problems or have questions, please send them to the class mailing list.

More in Tux Machines

digiKam 7.7.0 is released

After three months of active maintenance and another bug triage, the digiKam team is proud to present version 7.7.0 of its open source digital photo manager. See below the list of most important features coming with this release. Read more

Dilution and Misuse of the "Linux" Brand

Samsung, Red Hat to Work on Linux Drivers for Future Tech

The metaverse is expected to uproot system design as we know it, and Samsung is one of many hardware vendors re-imagining data center infrastructure in preparation for a parallel 3D world. Samsung is working on new memory technologies that provide faster bandwidth inside hardware for data to travel between CPUs, storage and other computing resources. The company also announced it was partnering with Red Hat to ensure these technologies have Linux compatibility. Read more

today's howtos

  • How to install go1.19beta on Ubuntu 22.04 – NextGenTips

    In this tutorial, we are going to explore how to install go on Ubuntu 22.04 Golang is an open-source programming language that is easy to learn and use. It is built-in concurrency and has a robust standard library. It is reliable, builds fast, and efficient software that scales fast. Its concurrency mechanisms make it easy to write programs that get the most out of multicore and networked machines, while its novel-type systems enable flexible and modular program constructions. Go compiles quickly to machine code and has the convenience of garbage collection and the power of run-time reflection. In this guide, we are going to learn how to install golang 1.19beta on Ubuntu 22.04. Go 1.19beta1 is not yet released. There is so much work in progress with all the documentation.

  • molecule test: failed to connect to bus in systemd container - openQA bites

    Ansible Molecule is a project to help you test your ansible roles. I’m using molecule for automatically testing the ansible roles of geekoops.

  • How To Install MongoDB on AlmaLinux 9 - idroot

    In this tutorial, we will show you how to install MongoDB on AlmaLinux 9. For those of you who didn’t know, MongoDB is a high-performance, highly scalable document-oriented NoSQL database. Unlike in SQL databases where data is stored in rows and columns inside tables, in MongoDB, data is structured in JSON-like format inside records which are referred to as documents. The open-source attribute of MongoDB as a database software makes it an ideal candidate for almost any database-related project. This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the MongoDB NoSQL database on AlmaLinux 9. You can follow the same instructions for CentOS and Rocky Linux.

  • An introduction (and how-to) to Plugin Loader for the Steam Deck. - Invidious
  • Self-host a Ghost Blog With Traefik

    Ghost is a very popular open-source content management system. Started as an alternative to WordPress and it went on to become an alternative to Substack by focusing on membership and newsletter. The creators of Ghost offer managed Pro hosting but it may not fit everyone's budget. Alternatively, you can self-host it on your own cloud servers. On Linux handbook, we already have a guide on deploying Ghost with Docker in a reverse proxy setup. Instead of Ngnix reverse proxy, you can also use another software called Traefik with Docker. It is a popular open-source cloud-native application proxy, API Gateway, Edge-router, and more. I use Traefik to secure my websites using an SSL certificate obtained from Let's Encrypt. Once deployed, Traefik can automatically manage your certificates and their renewals. In this tutorial, I'll share the necessary steps for deploying a Ghost blog with Docker and Traefik.